Today, the vineyards of the žlahtina sort extend largely through the fertile Vrbnik Field and, to a lesser extent, to locations in its vicinity. Vrbnik Field is located on the eastern side of the island of Krk and in the western part of the cadastral municipality of Vrbnik. The orientation of Vrbnik Field is from south-east to north-west.
The total area of the Vrbnik Field in its full length (SE-NW) is 175 hectares, and it is set at the altitude of between 85 and 164 metres. The vineyards cover 110 hectares of the total area of Vrbnik Field, with additional 20 hectares of vineyards near Vrbnik Field, in locations called Paprati, Vrha, Garica, Kampelje, Sunčin, Krasica, Mestinjak, Melinče and Tohoraj. The total surface area of vineyards in the cadastral municipality of Vrbnik and Garica is 130 hectares.
According to ARKOD records, members of the agricultural cooperative Vrbnik cultivate 80 hectares of the total of 130 hectares of grapevines.
In the conditions of Vrbnik Field the soil is predominantly loamy, while in some localities there are sporadic sandy and loamy-clayey soil structures.
The soil is brownish in its origin, as the result of attrition of the lime-dolomite solid substrates. It is also known as calcocambisol or brown limestone soil. In some localities there is terra rossa, and in these places there are sandy soil structures.
The soil runs deep with impermeable layers of different thickness, which causes low drainage and the tendency of marshification.
It is moderately rich in humus and physiologically accessible phosphorus and potassium, and it must be regularly fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers in order to maintain soil fertility adequate for grape cultivation.
As an integrated part of the island of Krk and the entire Kvarner within the Croatian Littoral, the climate in Vrbnik is Mediterranean.
It is characterized by very dry summers, which was very greatly apparent in the past few years, rainy autumns and mild winters, with an emphasis on the intermittent strong bura winds in the winter months.
The most common variety of grapevine in Vrbnik Field is white žlahtina. It covers almost 98% of the surface area, while the rest is made up by a few introduced varieties or autochthonous varieties of the Croatian Littoral.
white or yellow muscat
sušćan crni (Sansigot)